Custom post types are new post types you can create. A custom post type can be added to WordPress via the register_post_type() function. This function allows you to define a new post type by its labels, supported features, availability and other specifics.

Note that you must call register_post_type() before the admin_menu and after the after_setup_theme action hooks. A good hook to use is the init hook.

Here’s a basic example of adding a custom post type:

add_action( 'init', 'create_post_type' );
function create_post_type() {
	register_post_type( 'acme_product',
		array(
			'labels' => array(
				'name' => __( 'Products' ),
				'singular_name' => __( 'Product' )
			),
		'public' => true,
		'has_archive' => true,
		)
	);
}

This creates a post type named Product identified as acme_product. The register_post_type() function receives two major arguments. The first one is labels which define the name of the post type in both plural and singular forms. The second one is public which is a predefined flag to show the post type on the administration screens and to make it show up in the site content itself, if it’s queried for.

There are many more arguments you can pass to the register_post_type() function, to do things like set up hierarchy (to behave like pages), show the new post type in searches, change the URLs of the new posts, and hide or show meta boxes in the post edit screen. These parameters are optional, and you can use them to configure your post type on a detailed level.

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